The Maghreb, counted as part of North Africa. West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost region of Africa. Map of early diversification of modern humans, with halpogroup L2 entering West Africa. A particular haplogroup of DNA, haplogroup L2, evolved between 87,000 and 107,000 years ago or approx. Because of the how Western Union Makes Money numbers of West Africans enslaved in the Atlantic slave trade, most African Americans are likely to have mixed ancestry from different regions of western Africa.
Early human settlers from northern Holocene societies arrived in West Africa around 12,000 B. At Gobero, the Kiffian, who were hunters of tall stature, lived during the green Sahara between 10,000 and 8,000 years ago. Sedentary farming began in, or around the fifth millennium B. C, as well as the domestication of cattle. C, ironworking technology allowed an expansion of agricultural productivity, and the first city-states later formed.
Northern tribes developed walled settlements and non-walled settlements that numbered at 400. In the forest region, Iron Age cultures began to flourish, and an inter-region trade began to appear. The development of the region’s economy allowed more centralized states and civilizations to form, beginning with Dhar Tichitt that began in 1600 B. Three great kingdoms were identified in Bilad al-Sudan by the ninth century. They included Ghana, Gao and Kanem. Mandinka forces of Sundiata Keita, founder of the new Mali Empire. The Kingdom of Nri was a West African medieval state in the present-day southeastern Nigeria and a subgroup of the Igbo people. The Kingdom of Nri was unusual in the history of world government in that its leader exercised no military power over his subjects.
The kingdom existed as a sphere of religious and political influence over a third of Igboland and was administered by a priest-king called as an Eze Nri. The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire of what is today Western and North central Nigeria,. Established in the 15th century, the Oyo Empire grew to become one of the largest West African states. The Benin Empire was a pre-colonial empire located in what is now southern Nigeria. Its capital was Edo, now known as Benin City, Edo. In the early 19th century, a series of Fulani reformist jihads swept across Western Africa. However, the French and British continued to advance in the Scramble for Africa, subjugating kingdom after kingdom.
Part of the West-African regions underwent an increase in the numeracy level throughout the 19th century. The reason for such a growth was predetermined by a number of factors. Britain controlled the Gambia, Sierra Leone, Ghana, and Nigeria throughout the colonial era, while France unified Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso, Benin, Ivory Coast and Niger into French West Africa. Following World War II, nationalist movements arose across West Africa.
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1974, West Africa’s nations were entirely autonomous. Since independence, many West African nations have been submerged under political instability, with notable civil wars in Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Ivory Coast, and a succession of military coups in Ghana and Burkina Faso. 6,140,000 km2, or approximately one-fifth of Africa. Sahel, a transitional zone between the Sahara and the savannahs of the western Sudan. The northwest African region of Mauritania periodically suffers country-wide plagues of locusts which consume water, salt and crops on which the human population relies. The Atlantic Ocean forms the western as well as the southern borders of the West African region. Colonial boundaries are reflected in the modern boundaries between contemporary West African states, cutting across ethnic and cultural lines, often dividing single ethnic groups between two or more states.
In contrast to most of Central, Southern and Southeast Africa, West Africa is not populated by Bantu-speaking peoples. A Trans-ECOWAS project, established in 2007, plans to upgrade railways in this zone. The eastern end of the highway terminates at Lagos, Nigeria. Of the sixteen, the most important hub and entry point to West Africa is Kotoka International Airport, and Murtala Muhammed International Airport, offering many international connections. Sudano-Sahelian style in inland areas, and the coastal forest styles more reminiscent of other sub-Saharan areas.
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They differ greatly in construction due to the demands made by the variety of climates in the area, from tropical humid forests to arid grasslands and desert. In spite of the obvious differences among the various local cuisines in this multinational region, the foods display more similarities than differences. The small difference may be in the ingredients used. Most foods are cooked via boiling or frying. The word “Oware” originates from the Akan people of Ghana.
However, virtually all African peoples have a version of this board game. The talking drum is an instrument unique to West Africa. Mbalax, Highlife, Fuji and Afrobeat are all modern musical genres which listeners enjoy in this region. Old traditional folk music is also well preserved in this region. Both the Kora, a 21-stringed harp-lute, and the griot musical-caste are unique to West Africa. Two important related traditions that musically make West African musical attitudes unique are the Griot tradition, and the Praise-singing tradition. Nollywood of Nigeria, is the main film industry of West Africa.
The Nigerian cinema industry is the second largest film industry in terms of number of annual film productions, ahead of the American film industry in Hollywood. The 13th-century Great Mosque of Djenné is a superb example of the indigenous Sahelian architectural style prevalent in the Savannah and Sahelian interior of West Africa. It is listed an UNESCO World Heritage Site. Islam is the religion of the region’s biggest ethnic groups by population. Christianity, a relative newcomer introduced from the late 19th to mid-to-late 20th centuries, is associated with the British and French colonisation eras, when missionaries from European countries brought the religion to the region. Congo languages, belonging mostly, though not exclusively, to its non-Bantu branches, though some Nilo-Saharan and Afro-Asiatic speaking groups are also found in West Africa. Colonial languages also play a pivotal cultural and political role, being adopted as the official languages of most countries in the region, as well as linguae franca in communication between the region’s various ethnic groups.
1975 Treaty of Lagos, is an organization of West African states which aims to promote the region’s economy. Since the adoption of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 in 2000, women have been engaged in rebuilding war-torn Africa. Pan-African non-governmental organization based in Ghana. Pray the Devil Back to Hell is a documentary film about the origin of this peace movement. The film has been used as an advocacy tool in post-conflict zones like Sudan and Zimbabwe, mobilizing African women to petition for peace and security.