How Much Money Does Palestine Receive

Enter the characters you see below Sorry, we just need to make sure you’re not a robot. Enter the characters you see below Sorry, we just need to make sure you’re not a robot. This article may be unbalanced towards certain viewpoints. UNRWA fields of operation map 2015. It also provided relief to Jewish and Arab How Much Money Does Palestine Receive refugees inside the state of Israel following the 1948 conflict until the Israeli government took over responsibility for Jewish refugees in 1952.

UNRWA is the only UN agency dedicated to helping refugees from a specific region or conflict and is separate from UNHCR. Formed in 1950, UNHCR is the main UN refugee agency, which is responsible for aiding other refugees all over the world. UNRWA has had to develop a working definition of “refugee” to allow it to provide humanitarian assistance. Its definition does not cover final status. Palestine refugees are defined as “persons whose regular place of residence was Palestine during the period 1 June 1946 to 15 May 1948, and who lost both home and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 conflict. UNRWA services are available to all those living in its area of operations who meet this definition, who are registered with the Agency, and who need assistance. The descendants of Palestine refugee males, including adopted children, are also eligible for registration as refugees. When the Agency began operations in 1950, it was responding to the needs of about 750,000 Palestine refugees.

Today, some 5 million Palestine refugees are registered as eligible for UNRWA services. UNRWA provides facilities in 59 recognized refugee camps in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip, and in other areas where large numbers of registered Palestine refugees live outside of recognized camps. For a camp to be recognized by UNRWA, there must be an agreement between the host government and UNRWA governing use of the camp. UNRWA’s headquarters are divided between the Gaza Strip and Amman. Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, West Bank, and Gaza. UNRWA’s Commissioner-General is the Swiss Pierre Krähenbühl, who succeeded Italian national Filippo Grandi on 30 March 2014. 8 December 1949, created an Advisory Commission tasked with advising and assisting the Commissioner-General of UNRWA in carrying out the Agency’s mandate.

It is not a governing body as many other UN Agencies maintain, but serves in a purely advisory capacity. Membership in the Advisory Commission is obtained through resolution of the UN General Assembly. Advisory Commission, and 24 countries who are major supporters sit on the Commission. Most of UNRWA’s funding comes from European countries and the United States. Officials in 2009 spoke of a ‘dire financial crisis’. 294 million was contributed by the United States. 350 million in 2017, but has cut around one third of its contributions for 2018. 65 million, roughly half the amount due in the month, again creating a financial crisis for UNRWA. This article needs additional citations for verification.

Services provided by UNRWA include health care, education, relief, and social services and micro-credit loan programmes. In the following, UNRWA’s own descriptions of itself are summarized. UNRWA operates one of the largest school systems in the Middle East. It has been the main provider of basic education to Palestinian refugee children since 1950. Half the Palestine refugee population is under 25.

How Much Money Does Palestine Receive

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How Much Money Does Palestine Receive

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Overcrowded classrooms containing 40 or even 50 pupils are common. Almost three quarters run on a double-shift system, where two separate groups of pupils and teachers share the same buildings, thus reducing teaching time. The school year is often interrupted by conflicts and children are often marked by trauma. UNRWA also operates nine vocational and technical training colleges, two educational science faculties, and two teacher-training institutes. Per longstanding agreement, UNRWA schools follow the curriculum of their host countries. This allows UNRWA pupils to progress to further education or employment holding locally recognised qualifications and compliess with the sovereignty requirements of countries hosting refugees.

Wherever possible, UNRWA students take national exams conducted by the host governments. Pupils at UNRWA schools often out-perform government school pupils in these state exams. Not all refugee children attend UNRWA schools. In Jordan and Syria, children have full access to government schools and many attend those because they are close to where they reside. In Palestinian refugee society, families without a male breadwinner are often very vulnerable. Those headed by a widow, a divorcee.

UNRWA provides food aid, cash assistance, and help with shelter repairs to these families. In addition children from special hardship case families are given preferential access to the Agency’s vocational training centres, while women in such families are encouraged to join UNRWA’s women’s programme centres. In these centres, training, advice, and childcare are available to encourage female refugees’ social development. The CBOs now have their own management committees staffed by volunteers from the community.

UNRWA provides them with technical and small sums of targeted financial assistance, but many have formed links of their own with local and international NGOs. Since 1950, UNRWA has been the main healthcare provider for Palestinian refugees. Basic health needs are met through a network of primary care clinics, providing access to secondary treatment in hospitals, food aid to vulnerable groups, and environmental health in refugee camps. The health of Palestine refugees has long resembled that of many populations in transition from developing world to developed world status.

However, there is now a demographic transition. A healthy life is a continuum of phases from infancy to old age, each of which has unique, specific needs, and our programme therefore takes a ‘life-cycle approach’ to providing its package of preventive and curative health services. To address the changing needs of Palestine refugees, we undertook a major reform initiative in 2011. The FHT offers comprehensive primary health care services based on wholistic care of the entire family, emphasizing long-term provider-patient relationships and ensuring person-centeredness, comprehensiveness, and continuity. Moreover, the FHT helps address intersectional issues that impact health, such as diet and physical activity, education, gender-based violence, child protection, poverty, and community development. Medical services include outpatient care, dental treatment, and rehabilitation for the physically disabled. School health teams and camp medical officers visit UNRWA schools to examine new pupils to aid early detection of childhood diseases.

All UNRWA clinics offer family planning services with counselling that emphasises the importance of birth spacing as a factor in maternal and child health. UNRWA provides refugees with assistance in meeting the costs of hospitalisation either by partially reimbursing them, or by negotiating contracts with government, NGOs, and private hospitals. UNRWA’s environmental health services program “controls the quality of drinking water, provides sanitation, and carries out vector and rodent control in refugee camps, thus reducing the risk of epidemics. The programme seeks to be as close to self-supporting as possible.