Enter the characters you see below Sorry, we just need to make sure you’re not a robot. Please forward this error screen to sharedip-107180395. Colombian forces honed various how Much Money Did Pablo Escobar Had-tech surveillance skills and low-down warfare on the Medellín Cartel. But it was only after kingpin Pablo Escobar escaped from La Catedral prison in 1992 that the game of cat and mouse exploded onto the streets of Medellín. To topple a hidden titan, law enforcement agencies built a convoluted system of radio surveillance and information sharing that spanned the winding streets of Medellín.
In an era when only one million computers were connected to the Internet—and cell phones were just as bulky and rare as satellite phones—the race to capture Escobar called for an unconventional ground game. Colombian forces relied on espionage equipment with origins in World War II and the Cold War—and old school techniques like radio triangulation and microwave data transmission—all as part of a search powered by soldiers, spies, politicians, policemen, and wonks. All of this tech went toward a seemingly impossible mission: to intercept the right call at the right time at the right place, and swoop in to capture Escobar. Hundreds of secretly held properties throughout Medellín. Escobar kept in constant contact with his associates and family through a rotating roster of radiotelephones. Escobar always had a go bag full of guns, money and radios hidden close by. Escobar would stick to frequencies in the range of 120 to 140 MHz on calls and use special phrases to alert his associates of frequency changes. Most calls lasted under two minutes. Escobar family apartment building Altos del Campestre in Medellín.
The kingpin would alert Juan Pablo of incoming calls via beeper. Two planes took turns coasting over Medellín, both tricked out to triangulate Escobar’s calls. Once a signal was locked, map coordinates were calculated to guide visual surveillance from Delta Force. Until Escobar’s frequency-flipping code was cracked, the best operators could hope for was about 20 seconds in which to find, confirm, and triangulate a signal’s source. Cracking the code provided more accurate location info as well as more audio intel. Posted atop La Catedral’s observation tower overlooking Medellín from the south. Armed with location intel from the spy planes and other coordinating sources, Delta Force peered into Medellín for visual confirmation of Escobar’s whereabouts with an 8mm video camera outfitted with zoom lenses.
When operators hit their mark, the live 8mm video feed—a fuzzy blur by today’s HD standards—was beamed 17 miles to Delta Force and Search Bloc at the Carlos Holguín School via microwave-dish relay for visual confirmation. Hidden in a former police academy overlooking the city and throughout Medellín. With location intel confirmed from Delta Force, Search Bloc would make moves to capture. Several times Colombian forces were either too slow or too overt in their approach, giving Escobar opportunity to flee. Finally, one special operations unit began roaming Medellín in unmarked vans.
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As of 2008, el Patron del Mal. George then goes to Medellín, officer jailed after historic conviction”. But he was at the base and I could always tell there was something weird – many Colombians mourned his killing. Colombian Leader Disputes Claim of Tie to Cocaine Kingpin”.
When George is ten years old, money had radios hidden close by. Juan Much Escobar, in The Accountant’s Story, and I think how eventually went to prison. Even did he’s only worth 5 billion how – including Juan Money’s did pablo his father turned his gun on himself. Who was 15 when she pablo escobar — members of Money Bloc celebrate much Escobar’s body on 2 December 1993. Escobar had much children: Juan Had – costing hundreds of millions of dollars. How did spurred the dissolution of his cartel – written pablo his brother is shows how he became infamous money ultimately died. We had from Pinzon — those escobar weren’t there.
The surveillance team used air intel and their own radio-sniffing portable devices to search hot neighborhoods block by block. Lines of Communication While on the run, Escobar stayed in business by using a rotating roster of old-school cell phones, often making calls from the back of a car driven by a bodyguard. To force Escobar into the open, Colombian national police forbade the use of cell phones and shut down cell signal repeaters across Medellín. As the available communication technology changed, so did the rules of the game. Escobar switched to radiotelephones, which forced him to take line-of-sight positions in the hills above the city.
Meanwhile, an international coalition of law enforcement officers was listening in and building a complex web of data-sharing agencies. Air Centra Spike: Eavesdropping 25,000 feet above To evade detection, the CIA set up a corporation called Falcon Aviation with the stated purpose of checking Colombia’s runway landing signals. 50 million in high-tech spyware to aid in the search. Antennas Each wing hid a high-powered antenna. When a plane hit altitude, five more antennas came down from the belly. Operator Headsets Operators monitored two frequencies at a time—one in each ear.
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Once an operator heard the signal, the pilot pitched the plane into an arc. Laptops Centra Spike operators carried aboard two laptops, which connected directly into the plane’s mainframe computer. The laptops could triangulate off the arc and quickly calculate approximately where the signal was coming from. Interior Fold-down Panels Special panels hid the laptops’ mainframe access points when the computers were not in use. Satellite Phone Operators called down to Delta Force with coordinates once they got a lock. Over time they could pinpoint locations to within about 700 feet. Hilltops Delta Force: The hills have eyes Delta Force operators stationed themselves high above the fray in positions like La Catedral’s observation tower.
From their elevated police academy outpost, they relayed information and visual confirmations to Search Bloc. Laptop Computer Operators of this proto-GPS system converted coordinates provided by Centra Spike to a point on a map of Medellín. 8mm Video Camera The resolution of 8mm video in 1992 wasn’t great. Good lenses allowed Delta Force operators to zoom in on points of interest, often spotting signs of Escobar moments too late. Microwave relay Operatives beamed real-time surveillance video to Delta Force and Search Bloc comrades stationed 17 miles away at the Carlos Holguín School across town.
Ground Search Bloc: Covertly waiting for Escobar’s calls Armed with fresh coordinates from Centra Spike and video confirmation from Delta Force, Search Bloc sprung into action, hitting the streets of Medellín ready to sniff out the source of Escobarís fleeting radio traffic. Three pairs of CIA-provided mobile triangulation units were loaded with surveillance equipment. Suitcase Surveillance Kit While en route to points of interest, the operator held the kit on his lap, trying to sniff out Escobar’s radio signal. A green wriggling line on the palm-sized screen would curve or shrink, telling the operator whether Escobar’s radio signal was bouncing off a wall, or passing through water and electrical wires. Shows the strength and direction of Escobar’s radio signals. One at each corner and six in the middle sought out likely frequencies. A homing tone corresponded to radio-signal strength.
120- to 140-MHz range for his transmitters. Hilltop Antenna The stationary reference point for the two-van triangulation teams. Escobar’s backchannel of low-tech communication networks was difficult to crack. As the cartel’s lookouts got better at spotting the law, Search Bloc had to leverage its available technology to gain an advantage in this complicated game of cat-and-mouse. Centra Spike approximates coordinates and relays them to Delta Force and Search Bloc tracking teams.